Effective science instruction emphasizes the development of a student’s understanding of science. The National Science Teacher’s Association (NSTA) recommends six instructional strategies that have found to be effective in the classroom to develop a student’s understanding of scientific concepts.
- Engaging Students in Science Inquiry
- Implementing Formative Assessment
- Addressing Preconceptions and Prior Knowledge
- Providing Wrap-up and Sense-Making Opportunities
- Planning for Collaborative Science Discourse
- Providing Opportunities for Practice, Review, and Revision
Science and technology are inherently intertwined in classrooms and in real life. Technology has been and will continue to be a powerful force in the growth of civilization; and in the scientific world, it is nearly impossible to study science or do science on a daily basis without technology. In the science classroom, the purpose (scientific or instructional) will drive how the technology will be used.
Scientific uses of technology
The technology is integral to the concept being studied. For example a microscope is essential when studying biology. When studying biology, you also teach about the microscope and how to use a microscope. Another example would be probes or scientific calculators. These are tools that are a necessary part of science, not simply to do science.
Examples of good instructional uses of technology in science teaching
- Speeding up time via simulations of natural events
- Saving time through data collection devices
- Seeing things that could not otherwise be seen
- Through multiple linked representations
- Through dynamic representations
- Through models and simulations
- Recording data that would otherwise be hard to gather
- Organizing data that would otherwise be hard to organize
- Sharing information in new ways across time and/or space
- Communicating with experts or others remotely located
- Having access to real-time data and current information