Accessible instructional materials: More than a nice idea, it’s the law!
Some students with disabilities have difficulty reading printed materials. Some of those students are considered to have a “print disability”. Students with a print disability have the right to have printed curriculum materials provided to them in an ‘alternative format’. Alternative formats, as referenced here, are braille, large print, audio and digital text. Students who need curriculum materials in an alternative format are to be provided those materials in a “timely manner”. Timely manner is defined in the Iowa Administrative Code Regarding Special Education (2007) as “at the same time as other children receive instructional materials”.
AIM can be acquired from a variety of sources, including…
- National Instructional Materials Access Center (NIMAC): Only certain students with print disabilities qualify for access to materials through the NIMAC
- Accessible Media Producers: For the state of Iowa that would be…
- Publishers: Digital versions of textbooks you already own may be available free or titles may be purchased directly from the publisher
- Other sources: Typically online sources
- Locally created: Books and teacher materials can be scanned by the local school
Generally speaking students on an IEP with a print disability can acquire materials from any of the above sources. Again, generally speaking, students on a 504 plan with a print disability can acquire materials from sources 2 through 5. There are some other qualifiers.
There are lots of other factors to be considered when thinking about accessible instructional materials for students. Luckily there are some really good resources out there.
The Iowa Assistive Technology Liaison group, along with the Department of Education, put together the True AIM website. This has now been folded into Iowa’s DOE site.
True AIM provides guidance specific to students in Iowa schools.
The PACER Center and the National Center on Accessible Instructional Materials (AIM Center) have collaborated to provide guidance to families, educators, and State and Local Education Agencies around the provision of AIM for students. Two documents which are aimed at families, but are also great for educators, especially those new to AIM are…
Accessible Instructional Materials (AIM) Basics for Families
This introductory document gives a nice overview of what AIM are, who needs it, and how it is acquired.
Accessible Instructional Materials (AIM) A Technical Guide for Families and Advocates
Similar to the above document, this guidebook goes into more detail providing links to additional resources including the law, acquiring AIM (including links to audio book sources) and more.
Iowa Department of Education provides links to these legal resources…
- Federal rules concerning the Legal Requirements for AIM
- Iowa Administrative Code Regarding Special Education (2007)
|NIMAC||NIMAS||Repository for NIMAS filesets|
|Bookshare.org||NIMAS & Non-NIMAS||Iowa AMP; free for students with print disability|
|IDB (IA Dept for Blind’s Library Services)||NIMAS & Non-NIMAS||Iowa AMP; free for Iowa students with print disability|
|Project Gutenberg||Non-NIMAS||Free public domain|
|Learning Ally (Formerly RFB&D)||Non-NIMAS||Subscription-based|
|Accessible Book Collection||Non-NIMAS||Subscription-based|
|Barnes & Noble||Non-NIMAS||Purchase|
|iBooks app for iPad, iPhone & iPod||Non-NIMAS||Purchase & free public domain books within the app|
Tools for Accessing AIM
|UDL TechTool Kit||Mac and Win||Myriad resources for students with disabilities|
|Cool Tools for Schools||Mac and Win||Lots of resources to assist students|
|GhostReader||Macintosh||Inexpensive text-reader with high quality voices|
|NaturalReader||Mac and Win||Free, basic text-reader; Purchase option for better voices|
|Kurzweil 3000||Mac and Win||Text-reader with study skills supports|
|Read&Write Gold||Mac and Win||Integrated toolbar with text-reader and study skills supports|
|Readability||Web browser add-on||Reformat text in browser to reduce distractions|
|Safari Reader||Mac and Win / iOS||Isolates main text on page for fewer distractions|
|TechMatrix||Mac and Win||Compare features of various applications|
|iBooks||iOS (iPad, iPod &/or iPhone)||App: Free app; Books for free or purchased; Text-to-speech enabled|
|Voice Dream Reader – Text to Speech||iOS (iPad, iPod &/or iPhone)||App: Download and read text from Bookshare and other sources|
|Read2Go||iOS (iPad, iPod &/or iPhone)||App: Download and read text from Bookshare only|