What is fluency?
Fluency is the ability to read a text accurately, quickly, and with proper expression. During silent reading, fluent readers recognize words automatically. They group words quickly to help them gain meaning from what they read. Fluent readers read aloud effortlessly and with expression. Their reading sounds natural, as if they are speaking (Put Reading First).
Why teach fluency?
Fluency is an important aspect of reading because it provides a bridge between word recognition and comprehension. Readers that are fluent do not have to focus their attention on decoding words and therefore can focus their attention on the meaning of text. Fluent readers can recognize words and comprehend at the same time.