The process of actively engaging with a text does not end when reading is done. The Iowa Core Standards require K-12 teachers to “Employ the full range of research-based comprehension strategies, including making connections, determining importance, questioning, visualizing, making inferences, summarizing, and monitoring for comprehension” (17). Many of these strategies extend beyond the reading of a text. The use of after reading strategies allows students to process the material they have just read, giving them the chance to clarify, connect, summarize, and evaluate.
Research shows that learning happens when students actively process information through writing, talking, and transforming by using a variety of organizing strategies (Keene & Zimmerman, 1997).