Young children’s social-emotional development involves learning how to understand their own and others’ feelings, regulate and express their emotions appropriately, build relationships with others, and interact in groups. Social-emotional development flourishes when children have close, supportive, and trusting relationships with adults. When adults are responsive, when they express pleasure about children’s accomplishments and discoveries, and when they create an environment in which children can participate actively in daily routines and experiences, children know that adults consider them to be important, interesting and competent.
Children’s interactions with others are crucial to their learning. When their interactions are positive, young children are more likely to have positive short- and long-term outcomes. The strong connection between early relationships and later behavior and learning makes it especially important for parents, caregivers and teachers to be aware of children’s social-emotional development and to support their growth and competence in this area.
Teaching Strategies GOLD, Teaching Strategies, 2010
- Regulates own emotions and behaviors
- Establishes and sustains positive relationships
- Participates cooperatively and constructively in group situations