Physical development includes children’s gross-motor (large muscle) and fine-motor (small muscle) skills. Motor progresses predictably, from simple to complex, in a head-to-toe direction. Children gain control of their bodies in a predictable sequence as well, from the center of their bodies and outward to their fingers and toes. Children need many opportunities to practice their gross-motor skills, e.g., pulling, climbing, running, kicking, throwing, jumping and their fine-motor skills, e.g., cutting, drawing, writing.
Physical development affects other areas of development. Brain development is supported by early positive movement experiences. Other research indicates physical development is linked to children’s emotional development and their school performance.
Teaching Strategies GOLD, Teaching Strategies, 2010
Physical development objectives
- Demonstrates traveling skills
- Demonstrates balancing skills
- Demonstrates gross-motor manipulative skills
- Demonstrates fine-motor strength and coordination