Cognitive development is influenced by how a child approaches learning as well as his or her biological makeup and the environment. A child’s background knowledge, or knowledge base, also affects the way a child thinks. This background knowledge influences the child’s information processing, memory, classification, problem solving, language acquisition, and reading and mathematics learning. What and how children learn often varies considerably from culture to culture.
The physical environment of the home, child care center or classroom and the kinds of interactions children have with adults and other children influence the way children approach learning and other aspects of their cognitive development.
Play is important for learning; researchers have found many connections between cognitive competence and play, particularly high-quality dramatic play.
Teaching Strategies GOLD, Teaching Strategies. 2010
Cognitive development objectives
- Demonstrates positive approaches to learning
- Remembers and connects experiences
- Uses classification skills
- Uses symbols and images to represent something not present