Formative Assessment defined:
Formative assessment is a planned, ongoing process used by all students and teachers during learning and teaching to elicit and use evidence of student learning to improve student understanding of intended disciplinary learning outcomes, and support students to become more self-directed learners. Effective use of the formative assessment process requires students and teachers to integrate and embed the following practices in a collaborative and respectful classroom environment:
1. Clarifying learning goals within a broader progression of learning;
2. Eliciting and analyzing evidence of student thinking;
3. Engaging in self-assessment and peer feedback;
4. Providing actionable feedback; and
5. Using evidence and feedback to move learning forward by adjusting learning strategies, goals or next instructional steps.
Council of Chief State Officers, FAST SCASS (2017)
Formative Assessment/Instructional Process
The above condensed version graphic is available in this Applying the Formative Assessment/Instructional Process 1 PDF
An extended version of this graphic, as well as a description of the Formative Assessment/Instructional Process, is available in this Applying the Formative Assessment/Instructional Process 2 PDF
Formative Assessment Modules
Formative assessment is a process used by students and teachers as part of instruction that provides evidence and actionable feedback to move learning forward by (1) adjusting learning strategies, (2) adjusting goals, and/or adjusting instructional next steps to improve students’ understanding of intended disciplinary learning outcomes. There is a series of modules for use by locally facilitated collaborative learning teams. They have been developed to deepen teachers’ understanding of the attributes of the formative assessment/instructional process. Each module contains a facilitator’s guide to help the local facilitator organize and structure interaction with the content.
- Learning Foundations
- Learning Intentions
- Elicit Evidence/Instructional Modifications
- Actionable Feedback
- Self-Assessment and Peer Feedback
- Collaborative Classroom Climate
- Putting it All Together
Buildings or schools are highly encouraged to start with the Assessment for Learning Foundations module.
Formative Assessment Tool
Plickers is a powerful, but simple tool that lets teachers collect real-time formative assessment data without the need for student devices.