A: According to the Guide to Effective Paraeducator Practices Edition II from the Iowa Department of Education: A paraeducator is an employee who works under the supervision of teachers or other licensed personnel. The ultimate responsibility for the design and implementation of education and related service programs belongs to the supervising teacher or other licensed personnel. The paraeducator is one whose position is either instructional in nature or who delivers other direct or indirect services to children, youth, and/or their parents. Synonyms for the term paraeducator include: paraprofessional, educational aide, instructional aide, or associate. The prefix “para” means “along side of”, as in working along side an educator. Subsequently, the term paraeducator is an accurate term.
A: No. However, the No Child Left Behind Act (NCLB) requires paraeducators whose work is supported by Title I funds to meet required competencies. This includes those working in Title I programs, or working in a school building that has a school-wide Title I program. In order to meet these competencies, the paraeducator whose duties include instructional support and who were hired after January 8, 2002, must have:
- completed two years of study at an institution of higher education; OR
- obtained an associate’s (or higher) degree; OR
- met a rigorous standard of quality and be able to demonstrate, through a formal state or local academic assessment, knowledge or and the ability to assist in instructing reading, writing, and mathematics (or as appropriate, reading readiness, writing readiness, and mathematics readiness); OR
- obtained voluntary certification through the Iowa Board of Educational Examiners (BoEE).
All Title I paraeducators must have a high school diploma or its recognized equivalent. This includes paraeducators who serve as translators or who conduct parental involvement activities.
All school districts should encourage their paraeducators to acquire Iowa’s voluntary paraeducator certification. Note: Federal funds, including Title I funds, can be used to assist paraeducators to complete the necessary coursework for paraeducator certification.
A: Individuals working in preschool programs that are funded by the 4-Year-Old Voluntary Preschool Grant, or individuals working in Early Childhood Special Education (ECSE) must meet the definition of ‘highly qualified.’ Highly qualified means the individual has the following:
- a Child Development Associate Credential (CDA); OR
- two (2) years of college; OR
- an Associates Degree; OR
- Generalist (formerly known as Level I) Paraeducator Certification and an Early Childhood Area of Concentration (formerly known as Level II)
A variety of federal and state programs regulate the qualifications required for teaching assistants in preschool programs (assistants are sometimes described as paraeducators, paraprofessionals, associates, aides, and other descriptors). The type of preschool program and required program standards determines the type of qualifications required for teaching assistance. From the Paraeducator home page, you will find a tab entitled Early Childhood Paraeducator Requirements. On that page you will find the document, Qualifications for Preschool Teacher Assistants. This document provides a detailed outline of what each type of program requires for preschool paraeducators or assistants.
A: Under Iowa Code, an approved program can be offered in the following areas:
- Paraeducator Certification (formerly known as Level I – Generalist)
- Areas of Concentration (formerly known as Level II) in:
- Early Childhood – this is the only area of concentration that is offered at Central Rivers AEA
- Special Needs
- English as a 2nd Language
- Career & Transition OR Vision Impairments
- Library/School Media OR Speech/Language Pathologist
At Central Rivers AEA, we have approved programs for Paraeducator Certification and the Area of Concentration in Early Childhood and Special Education.
A: The Central Rivers AEA Paraeducator Certification program is a self-paced, online program that is offered only to those who are currently employed in a school district. The course begins with a 3-hour face-to-face orientation session. Once the orientation session is complete, paras must complete the online Moodle course consisting of 6 units of study, Paras are required to partner with a teacher they come in contact with and meet with them a minimum of 5 times throughout the course.
If you are not currently employed in a school district as a practicing paraeducator, you will want to contact any of the following institutions of higher learning to see what they offer for Paraeducator Certification programs: Iowa Lakes Community College, Iowa Western Community College, Kirkwood Community College, Northeast Iowa Community College, Western Community College, and Mt Mercy University.
A: The Early Childhood Area of Concentration program involves taking these three face-to-face courses through Central Rivers AEA. The three courses are:
- Paraeducators: Enhancing Learning in the Creative Curriculum Classroom,
- Every Childs Reads 3-5, and
- Positive Behavior Supports for 3-5.
These courses are offered in Clear Lake, Cedar Falls, and Marshalltown on an annual basis.
A: The Paraeducator Certification is valid for five (5) years, and shall expire five years from the date of issuance. Certification may be renewed up to one year prior to the expiration date. All renewal requirements must have been met during the term of this certification or run the risk of not having their certifcate renewed. Certificates renewed within one year from expiration date will not lose any time on the certificate and will extend the certificate for an additional five years from the date when it was issued.
Generalist certificate original issue date: July 1, 2008. Original expiration date: July 1, 2013
Individual submits renewal requirements Sept. 1, 2012. New expiration date: July 1, 2018
Paraeducators needing to renew will want to make sure to start early on renewal credits to leave plenty of time to complete the coursework before the certification expires. Renewing your paraeductor certification is the responsibility of the paraeducator. You will not be sent a reminder. Those who do not start early enough on taking coursework to renew their certification run the risk of losing their certification.
A: The Paraeducator certificate is the only certificate that requires renewal. The Area of Concentration does not require renewal.
In order to renew the certificate, you will need three units of credit which are designated as paraeducator credit when you enroll in a course. Central Rivers AEA determines the courses that receive parareducator credit. Workshops and CEUs cannot be offered as paraeducator credit. Credits must be earned during the 5-year certification period.
An Area of Concentration certificate can be used to renew the Paraeducator Certification as long as it has been completed within the five (5) years of when the Paraeducator Certification was issued. An Area of Concentration may be used to renew the Generalist certification, but it is not a requirement.
All applicants renewing a paraeducator certificate must submit documentation of completion of the Mandatory Reporter training and Blood Borne Pathogens. This training must be renewed every five (5) years.
A: ANYONE can go directly to the Board of Educational Examiners website to find out the status of your certificate. On the Iowa Board of Educational Examiners website, enter your name and click on search. Your file with certification date and expiration date will then be visible. Click here to find out the status of your certificate: Iowa Board of Educational Examiners.
A: In order to be able to act and be hired as a substitute teacher, you must meet the following requirements:
- Be at least age 21
- Hold a valid paraeducator certificate
- Complete a substitute authorization program
Once you have met these requirements, you are then able to work as a substitute teacher in the special education classroom in which you are employed for no more than 5 consecutive days.
A: The Central Rivers AEA Paraeducator Program Team welcomes all questions:
Corlene Collum, Records Management
Heather Staebell , Program Director
Amy Moine, Professional Learning Director